Turner syndrome TS is a genetic condition found in females only. It affects about 1 in every 2, girls. Girls with Turner syndrome are usually shorter than their peers.
The Two Poles of Sex
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Turner syndrome TS , although considered a rare disease, is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in women, with an incident of 1 in female births. TS is characterized by distinctive physical features such as short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, an increased risk for heart and renal defects as well as a specific cognitive and psychosocial phenotype. Given the complexity of the condition, patients face manifold difficulties which increase over the lifespan.
Genomic resource centre
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Turner syndrome is a genetic condition found in females only. It affects about 1 in every 2, girls. Girls who have this condition usually are shorter than average and infertile due to early loss of ovarian function. Usually, a person has 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs, which includes two sex chromosomes. Half of the chromosomes are inherited from the father and the other half from the mother. The chromosomes contain genes, which determine an individual's characteristics, such as eye color and height. Girls typically have two X chromosomes or XX , but girls with Turner syndrome have only one X chromosome or are missing part of one X chromosome. Turner syndrome is not caused by anything the parents did or did not do. The disorder is a random error in cell division that happens when a parent's reproductive cells are being formed. Girls born with the X condition in only some of their cells have mosaic Turner syndrome.